Around 1534 B.C.E., the Egyptian astronomers noted the motion of the planet. Not much else can be said other than they found an object in the sky that moved differently in the zodiac. Other than that they were smart enough to realize it could be another planet.
The Babylonians found out that Mars appeared 42 times in the zodiac every 79 years.
In the fourth century B.C.E., the Greek Aristotle noted that Mars went behind the moon making it farther away then the moon.
He was the first person to actually see Mars. He saw in 1610 and was the first person to make a map of it after seeing it through his telescope.
- September 5, 1877, Italian astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli made a detailed map. He saw cannal like bodies but were really just straight lines.
- Percival Lowell used a telescope in his observatory to examine Mars in 1894 and wrote books about the planet.
- Many later observors of the planet found that there was not life of any on the planet.